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Uterine fibroids are benign (not cancer) growths in the uterus. They are the most common type of growth found in a woman’s pelvis. In some women, fibroids remain small and do not cause symptoms or problems. However, in some women, fibroids can cause problems because of their size, number, and location.   Types of Fibroids [...]
Leakage of urine is called urinary incontinence. It is a common problem in women. Some women occasionally leak small amounts of urine. At other times, leakage of urine is frequent or severe. Often, women with this condition are too embarrassed to tell their health care providers about their symptoms. However, with proper diagnosis, urinary incontinence [...]
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that are spread by sexual contact. Although some STDs can be treated and cured, others cannot. Prevention is the key to fighting STDs. By knowing the facts, you can take steps to protect your health. Anyone who has sexual contact—vaginal, anal, or oral sex—with another person may get an [...]
Pregnancy is an exciting time of major change. From the very start, your baby-to-be alters your body and the way you live your daily life. The best way to approach pregnancy, labor, delivery, and the postpartum period is to be informed. If you are planning to become pregnant, see your doctor for a preconception care [...]
Having a baby is a joyous time for most women. But many women feel sad, afraid, angry, or anxious after childbirth. Most new mothers have these feelings in a mild form called postpartum blues. Sometimes these feelings are called "baby blues." Postpartum blues almost always go away in a few days. If the baby blues [...]
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder that occurs when levels of certain hormones are abnormal. Women with PCOS may have irregular or no menstrual periods, infertility, and excess hair growth. PCOS also can cause long-term health problems in women, but it can be treated.   Signs and Symptoms Women with PCOS have a history [...]
Since it came into use more than 50 years ago, the Pap test has greatly reduced the number of cases of cervical cancer in the United States. The Pap test is used to find changes in the cells of the cervix that could lead to cancer. Most women should have Pap tests on a regular [...]
A layer of skin, the foreskin, covers the glans (head) of the penis. Circumcision is the surgical removal of this foreskin. If it is done, it's usually done soon after birth. Whether to have your son circumcised is your decision.   Making the Decision Circumcision is an elective procedure. That means it is the parents' [...]
Infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is very common in both women and men. Of the more than 100 types of this virus, about 30 are spread from person to person through sexual contact. Some types of HPV cause genital warts, while others cause cancer of the cervix. It is estimated that at least three out [...]
Hysterectomy is a way of treating problems that affect the uterus. Many conditions can be cured with hysterectomy. Because it is major surgery, you may want to explore other treatment options first. For conditions that have not responded to other treatments, a hysterectomy may be the best choice. You should be fully informed of all [...]